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[1]姜志进*,惠加琪,张 禹. 含有相变的流体力学模型与Au-Au在RHIC能量碰撞中带电粒子的横动量与横质量谱[J].南京大学学报(自然科学),2017,53(4):715.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2017.04.014]
 Jiang Zhijin*,Hui Jiaqi,Zhang Yu. A hydrodynamic model including phase transition and the transverse momentum and transverse mass spectra of charged particle in Au-Au collisions at RHIC energies[J].Journal of Nanjing University(Natural Sciences),2017,53(4):715.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2017.04.014]
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 含有相变的流体力学模型与Au-Au在RHIC能量碰撞中带电粒子的横动量与横质量谱()
     

《南京大学学报(自然科学)》[ISSN:0469-5097/CN:32-1169/N]

卷:
53
期数:
2017年第4期
页码:
715
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-08-03

文章信息/Info

Title:
 A hydrodynamic model including phase transition and the transverse momentum and transverse mass spectra of charged particle in Au-Au collisions at RHIC energies
作者:
 姜志进*惠加琪张 禹
 上海理工大学理学院,上海,200093
Author(s):
 Jiang Zhijin*Hui JiaqiZhang Yu
 College of Science,University of Shanghai for Science and Technology,Shanghai,200093,China
关键词:
 相对论流体力学相 变横动量分布横质量分布
Keywords:
relativistic hydrodynamicsphase transitiontransverse momentum distributiontransverse mass distribution
分类号:
O572.2
DOI:
10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2017.04.014
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 普遍认为夸克-胶子等离子体(QGP)在现有的重离子碰撞中可能已经形成,且相对论流体力学是描述碰撞产物膨胀与粒子化过程最有效的工具之一.在考虑到热运动效应的情况下,采用含有由QGP态到强子态相变的流体力学模型分析重离子碰撞中不同带电粒子的横动量与横质量谱,给出该模型的解析解并与实验数据相比较.理论结果与Au-Au在RHIC能量碰撞中的实验测量符合得较好.除了其解析性,该理论模型的典型特点是它包含着高能重离子碰撞产物丰富的时空演化信息,如碰撞产物的初始温度、相变温度、带电粒子的化学冻析温度、QGP与强子态中的声速及重子化学势等.所以本文的研究工作,有利于了解高温高密度碰撞产物的各种传输系数与带电粒子的产生机制.
Abstract:
 It is widely believed that the quark-gluon plasma(QGP)might be formed in the current heavy ion collisions.It is also widely recognized that the relativistic hydrodynamics is one of the best tools for describing the process of expansion and particlization of the matter created in collisions.In this paper,by taking into account the effect of thermal motion,a hydrodynamic model including the phase transition from QGP state to hadronic state was used to analyze the transverse momentum and transverse mass spectra of different charged particles produced in heavy ion collisions.The analytical solutions of the model were presented which were then compared with experimental data.The theoretical results are in good accordance with experimental measurements in Au-Au collisions at RHIC energies.Besides the analyticity,the typical feature of this theoretical model is that it contains a rich information about the spatiotemporal evolution of the matter created in high energy heavy ion collisions,such as the initial temperature of produced matter,the phase transition temperature,the chemical freeze-out temperature,the sound speed in QGP and in hadronic phase and the baryochemical potential.Hence,the investigations of this work may help us understand various transport coefficients of hot and dense matter created in collisions and the generation mechanism of charged particles.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 基金项目:上海市现代光学系统重点实验室资助项目
收稿日期:2016-12-30
*通讯联系人,E-mail:Jzj265@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-02