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[1]姜 洋,罗远恒,顾雪元*.农田土壤镉污染的原位钝化修复及持久性研究[J].南京大学学报(自然科学),2017,53(2):265.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2017.02.007]
 Jiang Yang,Luo Yuanheng,Gu Xueyuan*.In situ immoblization of cadmium in soil and persistence study[J].Journal of Nanjing University(Natural Sciences),2017,53(2):265.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2017.02.007]
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农田土壤镉污染的原位钝化修复及持久性研究()
     

《南京大学学报(自然科学)》[ISSN:0469-5097/CN:32-1169/N]

卷:
53
期数:
2017年第2期
页码:
265
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-04-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
In situ immoblization of cadmium in soil and persistence study
作者:
姜 洋1罗远恒12顾雪元1*
1.南京大学环境学院,南京,210023;2.贵州大学资源与环境工程学院,贵阳,550003
Author(s):
Jiang Yang1Luo Yuanheng12Gu Xueyuan1*
1.School of the Environment,Nanjing University,Nanjing,210023,China; 2.School of Resource and Environmental Engineering,Guizhou University,Guiyang,550003,China
关键词:
镉污染固定剂小 麦土壤修复
Keywords:
Cadmiumamendmentswheatsoil remediation
分类号:
TP181
DOI:
10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2017.02.007
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
农田镉(Cd)污染一直是人们关注的热点,通过室内盆栽实验和野外田间实验相结合,研究了不同钝化剂对小麦根部与籽粒中Cd富集量的影响,同时采用野外实验考察了2013年至2016年四年收获期内钝化剂的持久性.结果表明:盆栽实验中,施加固定剂后对土壤中Cd均有不同程度的钝化作用.田间实验中,刚施加固定剂后的第一季小麦中,各组固定剂均使小麦根和仔粒中Cd浓度有较为显著的降低,这和盆栽实验中结果基本一致.随着时间的推移,固定剂在土壤中对重金属的钝化作用逐渐降低,各处理组中钝化持久性效果最好的是钙镁磷肥及其配施石灰组和磷矿石配施石灰组,并且这三种钝化剂处理方式的有效性一直持续到2015年的第三季小麦.当时间持续到2016年第四季小麦时,各钝化剂处理组相对于空白对照之间已经没有显著性的差异.综上,在钝化修复农田土壤Cd污染时,可以优先选择钙镁磷肥配施石灰的钝化剂,同时需要跟踪监测钝化效果,必要情况下需要复施以确保固定剂的效果稳定.
Abstract:
Soil Cd contamination is of great concern and often remediated by addition of amendments to reduce its mobilization.In this study,we compared a couple of commonly used soil amendments,such as calcium montmorillonite(MT),fused calcium-magnesium phosphate(CMP),phosphorus rock(PR).Triple superphosphate(TSP)and lime(L)using in-door pot experiments and testified the results with field experiments lasting 4 years from 2013-2016.Pot experiments using wheat showed that CMP+L had the best immobilization effect for Cd.The results of field experiments generally agreed with pot experiments.The first season showed the best immobilization effect for Cd,but the immobilization effect weakened with time.At the third crop season,the treatment of CMP+L and PR+L still significantly decreased Cd concentration in wheat.But all the amendments showed almost no effect on the fourth season.We also observed that the production of wheat increased in the first season with phosphorus materials,but this positive effect disappeared in the second season of wheat.In summary,the CMP+L was found to be the best amendments to reduce Cd risk to wheat.But the remediation effect needs to be monitored and further addition of amendments might be required to keep the immobilization effect.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(21577062),江苏省重点研发项目(BE2015708),国家科技支撑计划(2015BAD05B04-01) 收稿日期:2016-11-15 *通讯联系人,E-mail:xygu@nju.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-03-26