|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]邓亚平,郑 菲,施小清*,等.多孔介质中DNAPLs运移行为研究进展[J].南京大学学报(自然科学),2016,52(3):409-420.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2016.03.001]
 Deng Yaping,Zheng Fei,Shi Xiaoqing*,et al.Review on the transport of dense non?aqueous phase liquidsin porous media[J].Journal of Nanjing University(Natural Sciences),2016,52(3):409-420.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2016.03.001]





Review on the transport of dense non?aqueous phase liquidsin porous media
邓亚平郑 菲施小清*徐红霞孙媛媛吴吉春*
Deng YapingZheng FeiShi Xiaoqing*Xu HongxiaSun YuanyuanWu Jichun*
(Key Laboratory of Surficial Geochemistry Ministry of EducationSchool of Earth Sciences and Engineering,Nanjing UniversityNanjing210023China)
DNAPLsmultiphase flowporous mediatransport
There are many factors governing the migration of dense non­aqueous phase liquids(DNAPLs)in the subsurface because of the simultaneous flow of immiscible phases in a multiphase system including DNAPLs,water and air after the leakage of DNAPLs.These factors that affect the complex DNAPLs’ behavior are summarized from the aspects of physicochemical properties,leakage rate,retention characteristics and heterogeneity as well as groundwater flow velocity.Previous works have mainly focused on only one influencing factor,the combined factors,especially both groundwater flow velocity and heterogeneity on the migration of DNAPLs are further discussed.According to the deficiency of existing work,some issues needed to be further approached are presented.


[1] 张富仓,康绍忠.非水相流体在多孔介质中迁移的研究进展.土壤学报,2007,44(4):744-751.(Zhang F C,Kang S Z.Advancement in the study on transport of non­aqueous phase liquids(NAPLs)in porous media.Acta Pedologica Sinica,2007,44(4):744-751.)
[2] 施小清,吴吉春,刘德朋等.饱和介质中重非水相液体运移的数值模拟及敏感性分析.南京大学学报(自然科学),2011,47(3):299-307.(Shi X Q,Wu J C,Liu D P,et al.Numerical simulation of transportation of dense non­aqueous phase liquids in the subsurface environment.Journal of Nanjing University(Natural Sciences),2011,47(3):299-307.)
[3] Oostrom M,Lenhard R J.Carbon tetrachloride flow behavior in unsaturated Hanford Caliche Material:An investigation of residual nonaqueous phase liquids.Vadose Zone Journal,2003,2(1):25-33.
[4] Oostrom M,Dane J H,Wietsma T W.Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium by means of soil vapor extraction enhanced by desiccation and water table reduction.Vadose Zone Journal,2005,4(4):1170-1182.
[5] Tidwell V C,Glass R J.X ray and visible light transmission for laboratory measurement of two­dimensional saturation fields in thin­slab systems.Water Resources Research,1994,30(11):2873-2882.
[6] Fagerlund F,Illangasekare T H,Niemi A.Nonaqueous phase liquid infiltration and immobilization in heterogeneous media:1.Experimental methods and two­layered reference case.Vadose Zone Journal,2007,6(3):471-482.
[7] Van Geel P,Sykes J.Laboratory and model simulations of a LNAPL spill in a variably­saturated sand,1.Laboratory experiment and image analysis techniques.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,1994,17(1):1-25.
[8] O’Carroll D M,Bradford S A,Abriola L M.Infiltration of PCE in a system containing spatial wettability variations.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2004,73(1-4):39-63.
[9] 刘汉乐,周启友,徐 速.非饱和带中非均质条件下LNAPL运移与分布特性实验研究.水文地质工程地质,2006,33(5):52-57.(Liu H L,Zhou Q Y,Xu S.An experimental investigation of LNAPL migration and remediation in unsaturated heterogeneous porous media.Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2006,33(5):52-57.)
[10] 高燕维,郑 菲,徐红霞等.基于改进反射光法分析DNAPL的运移与分布特性.地球科学:中国地质大学学报,2013,38(S2):8-12.(Gao Y W,Zheng F,Xu H X,et al.Investigation of DNAPL migration and distribution characteristics based on modified light reflection image analysis method.Earth Science — Journal of China University of Geosciences,2013,38(S2):8-12.)
[11] Wang H,Chen X,Jawitz J W.Locally­calibrated light transmission visualization methods to quantify nonaqueous phase liquid mass in porous media.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2008,102(1-2):29-38.
[12] O’Carroll D M,Sleep B E.Hot water flushing for immiscible displacement of a viscous NAPL.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2007,91(3-4):247-266.
[13] 章艳红,叶淑君,吴吉春.光透法定量两相流中流体饱和度的模型及其应用.环境科学,2014,36(6):2120-2128.(Zhang Y H,Ye S J,Wu J C.Models for quantification of fluid saturation in two­phase flow system by light transmission method and its application.Environmental Science,2014,36(6):2120-2128.)
[14] Ye S,Sleep B E,Chien C.The impact of methanogenesis on flow and transport in coarse sand.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2009,103(1):48-57.
[15] Niemet M R,Selker J S.A new method for quantification of liquid saturation in 2D translucent porous media systems using light transmission.Advances in Water Resources,2001,24(6):651-666.
[16] Bob M M,Brooks M C,Mravik S C,et al.A modified light transmission visualization method for DNAPL saturation measurements in 2­D models.Advances in Water Resources,2008,31(5):727-742.
[17] 刘汉乐,周启友,吴华桥.轻非水相液体污染过程的高密度电阻率成像法室内监测.地球物理学报,2008,51(4):1246-1254.(Liu H L,Zhou Q Y,Wu H Q.Laboratorial monitoring of the LNAPL contamination process using electrical resistivity tomography.Chinese Journal of Geophysics,2008,51(4):1246-1254.)
[18] 潘玉英,贾永刚,郭 磊等.LNAPL在砂质含水层中动态迁移的电阻率法监测试验研究.环境科学,2012,33(5):1744-1752.(Pan Y Y,Jia Y G,Guo L,et al.LNAPL migration monitoring in simulated sand aquifer using resistivity method.Environmental Science,2012,33(5):1744-1752.)
[19] 郭 健,叶淑君,肖安林等.二维孔隙介质中重非水相液体饱和度测定与分析.高校地质学报,2014,20(2):324-332.(Guo J,Ye S J,Xiao A L,et al.DNAPL saturation measurements and analysis in 2­D porous media.Geological Journal of China Universities,2014,20(2):324-332.)
[20] Zhang C,Werth C J,Webb A G.Characterization of NAPL source zone architecture and dissolution kinetics in heterogeneous porous media using magnetic resonance imaging.Environmental Science & Technology,2007,41(10):3672-3678.
[21] Johnson R H,Poeter E P.Interpreting DNAPL saturations in a laboratory­scale injection using one­and two­dimensional modeling of GPR data.Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation,2005,25(1):159-169.
[22] Nsir K,Schäfer G,Roupert R di C,et al.Laboratory experiments on DNAPL gravity fingering in water­saturated porous media.International Journal of Multiphase Flow,2012,40:83-92.
[23] 王 宁,彭 胜,陈家军.蒸汽-空气混合注射修复TCE污染的二维土箱实验研究.环境科学,2014,35(7):2785-2790.(Wang N,Peng S,Chen J J.Steam and air co­injection in removing TCE in 2D sandbox.Environmental Science,2014,35(7):2785-2790.)
[24] Chambers J E,Loke M H,Ogilvy R D,et al.Noninvasive monitoring of DNAPL migration through a saturated porous medium using electrical impedance tomography.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2004,68(1):1-22.
[25] Power C,Gerhard J I,Karaoulis M,et al.Evaluating four­dimensional time­lapse electrical resistivity tomography for monitoring DNAPL source zone remediation.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2014,162:27-46.
[26] Held R J,Celia M A.Pore­scale modeling and upscaling of nonaqueous phase liquid mass transfer.Water Resources Research,2001,37(3):539-549.
[27] Porter M L,Wildenschild D,Grant G,et al.Measurement and prediction of the relationship between capillary pressure,saturation,and interfacial area in a NAPL­water­glass bead system.Water Resources Research,2010,46(8):1-10.
[28] Raoof A,Hassanizadeh S M.A new formulation for pore­network modeling of two­phase flow.Water Resources Research,2012,48(1):1-13.
[29] Oostrom M,Dane J H,Wietsma T W.A review of multidimensional,multifluid,intermediate­scale experiments:Flow behavior,saturation imaging,and tracer detection and quantification.Vadose Zone Journal,2007,6(3):610-637.
[30] 乔文静,叶淑君,吴吉春.非均质孔隙介质中两相流的光透法应用研究.水文地质工程地质,2015,2:112-119.(Qiao W J,Ye S J,Wu J C.A study of the two­phase flow in heterogeneous porous media with the light transmission method.Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2015,2:112-119.)
[31] Held R J,Illangasekare T H.Fingering of dense nonaqueous phase liquids in porous media:2.Analysis and classification.Water Resources Research,1995,31(5):1223-1231.
[32] Roberts R J,Cherry J A,Schwartz F W.A case study of a chemical spill:Polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs):1.History,distribution,and surface translocation.Water Resources Research,1982,18(3):525-534.
[33] Atwater J W.A case study of a chemical spill:Polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs)revisited.Water Resources Research,1984,20(2):317-319.
[34] Moreno­Barbero E,Illangasekare T H.Influence of dense nonaqueous phase liquid pool morphology on the performance of partitioning tracer tests:Evaluation of the equilibrium assumption.Water Resources Research,2006,42(4):1-11.
[35] Cardarelli E.Electrical resistivity and induced polarization tomography in identifying the plume of chlorinated hydrocarbons in sedimentary formation:a case study in Rho(Milan­Italy).Waste Management & Research,2009,27:595-602.
[36] Page J W,Soga K,Illangasekare T.The significance of heterogeneity on mass flux from DNAPL source zones:An experimental investigation.Journal of Contaminant Hydrology,2007,94(3-4):215-234.
[37] Yang Z,Zandin H,Niemi A,et al.The role of geological heterogeneity and variability in water infiltration on non­aqueous phase liquid migration.Environmental Earth Sciences,2012,68(7):2085-2097.
[38] 张 蔚,施小清,吴剑锋等.渗透率空间变异性对重非水相流体运移的影响.高校地质学报,2013,19(4):677-682.(Zhang W,Shi X Q,Wu J F,et al.Impacts of the spatial variation of permeability on the transport of dense aquaous phase liquids in porous media.Geological Journal of China Universities,2013,19(4):677-682.)
[39] 程 洲,吴吉春,徐红霞等.DNAPL在透镜体及表面活性剂作用下的运移研究.中国环境科学,2014(11):2888-2896.(Cheng Z,Wu J C,Xu H X,et al.Investigation of the migration characteristics of DNAPL in aquifer with lenses and under the action of surfactant flushing.China Environmental Science,2014(11):2888-2896.)
[40] 施小清,姜蓓蕾,吴吉春等.非均质介质中重非水相污染物运移受泄漏速率影响数值分析.水科学进展,2012,23(3):376-382.(Shi X Q,Jiang B L,Wu J C,et al.Numerical analysis of the effect of leakage rate on dense non­aqueous phase liquid transport in heterogeneous porous media.Advances in Water Science,2012,23(3):376-382.)
[41] Fagerlund F F,Niemi A,Odén M.Comparison of relative permeability­fluid saturation­capillary pressure relations in the modelling of non­aqueous phase liquid infiltration in variably saturated,layered media.Advances in Water Resources,2006,29(11):1705-1730.
[42] Fagerlund F,Niemi A,Illangasekare T.Modeling of nonaqueous phase liquid(NAPL)migration in heterogeneous saturated media:Effects of hysteresis and fluid immobility in constitutive relations.Water Resources Research,2008,44(3):1-18.
[43] Cary J W,McBride J F,Simmons C S.Observations of water and oil infiltration into soil:some simulation challenges.Water Resources Research,1989,25(1):73-80.
[44] Gerhard J I,Pang T,Kueper B H.Time scales of DNAPL migration in sandy aquifers examined via numerical simulation.Ground Water,2007,45(2):147-157.
[45] 杨 宾,李慧颖,伍 斌等.4种NAPLs污染物在二维砂箱中的指进锋面形态特征研究.环境科学,2013,34(4):1545-1552.(Yang B,Li H Y,Wu B,et al.Sand box study on fingering front morphology for NAPLs infiltrated in homogeneous porous media.Environmental Science,2013,34(4):1545-1552.)
[46] 黄 倩,王锦国,陈 舟等.黏滞性对LNAPL在非饱和多孔介质中优先流影响的试验研究.河海大学学报(自然科学版),2015,1:66-71.(Huang Q,Wang J G,Chen Z,et al.Experimental study of impacts of viscosity of LNAPL on preferential flow in unsaturated porous media.Journal of Hohai University(Natural Sciences),2015,1:66-71.)
[47] Kamon M,Endo K,Kawabata J,et al.Two­dimensional DNAPL migration affected by groundwater flow in unconfined aquifer.Journal of Hazardous Materials,2004,110(1-3):1-12.
[48] Erning K,Grandel S,Dahmke A,et al.Simulation of DNAPL infiltration and spreading behaviour in the saturated zone at varying flow velocities and alternating subsurface geometries.Environmental Earth Sciences,2012,65(4):1119-1131.
[49] 高燕维,郑 菲,施小清等.基于透射光法探讨水流流速对DNAPL运移分布的影响.环境科学,2015,36(7):209-216.(Gao Y W,Zheng F,Shi X Q,et al.Laboratory investigation of DNAPL migration behaviour and distribution at varing flow velocities based on light transmission method.Environmental Science,2015,36(7):209-216.)
[50] Brooks R H,Corey A T.Hydraulic properties of porous media.Hydrology Paper No.3,Colorado State University,Fort Collins,Colorado,1964,1-27.
[51] Van Genuchten M T.A closed­form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils.Soil Science Society of America Journal,1980,44(5):892-898.
[52] Leverett M.Capillary behavior in porous solids.Transactions of the AIME,1941,142:152-169.
[53] Parker J,Lenhard R,Kuppusamy T.A parametric model for constitutive properties governing multiphase flow in porous media.Water Resources Research,1987,23(4):618-624.
[54] Gerhard J I,Kueper B H.Relative permeability characteristics necessary for simulating DNAPL infiltration,redistribution,and immobilization in saturated porous media.Water Resources Research,2003,39(8):1-8.
[55] 束善治,梁宏伟,袁 勇.轻非水相液体在非均质地层包气带中运移和分布特征数值分析.水利学报,2002,11(3):31-37.(Shu S Z,Liang H W,Yuan Y.Numerical analysis of transportation and distribution of light non­aqueous phase liquids in partially saturated heterogeneous soils.Journal of Hydraulic Engineering,2002,11(3):31-37.)
[56] Falta R W,Pruess K,Finsterle S,et al.T2VOC user’s guide.Lawrence Berkley Laboratory,Report LBL-36400,1995,1-155.
[57] 郑 菲,高燕维,施小清等.地下水流速及介质非均质性对重非水相流体运移的影响.水利学报,2015,46(6):64-72.(Zheng F,Gao Y W,Shi X Q,et al.Influences of groundwater flow velocity and geological heterogeneity on DNAPL migration in saturated porous media.Journal of Hydraulic Engineering,2015,46(6):64-72.)



更新日期/Last Update: 2016-07-02