|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴 琼,柏业超*,张兴敢.干涉量子雷达测量方法性能分析[J].南京大学学报(自然科学),2016,52(5):939.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2016.05.021]
 Wu Qiong,Bai Yechao*,Zhang Xinggan.Performance analysis of measurement methods for interference quantum radar[J].Journal of Nanjing University(Natural Sciences),2016,52(5):939.[doi:10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2016.05.021]
点击复制

干涉量子雷达测量方法性能分析()
     

《南京大学学报(自然科学)》[ISSN:0469-5097/CN:32-1169/N]

卷:
52
期数:
2016年第5期
页码:
939
栏目:
出版日期:
2016-10-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Performance analysis of measurement methods for interference quantum radar
作者:
吴 琼柏业超*张兴敢
南京大学电子科学与工程学院,南京,210023
Author(s):
Wu QiongBai Yechao*Zhang Xinggan
School of Electronic Science and Engineering,Nanjing University,Nanjing,210023,China
关键词:
干涉量子雷达海森伯极限纠缠态光子干涉测量法
Keywords:
interference quantum radarheisenberg limitentangled photonsinterferometry
分类号:
TN957.51
DOI:
10.13232/j.cnki.jnju.2016.05.021
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目前隐身技术、空间小目标探测以及行星防御等应用领域对雷达系统的性能提出更高要求,随着量子信息技术和量子计算机的发展,利用量子技术改进远程传感器系统并提高传感器灵敏度已成为众多科学领域的研究热点.初步研究结果表明,依赖于少量纠缠叠加光子的量子雷达与不采用纠缠光子的雷达相比,其分辨率以二次方的速率提高.同时,对于同一个目标,量子雷达比传统雷达的有效探测距离更远,且量子散射截面旁瓣为射频隐身目标的探测提供了一种新方法.介绍了量子雷达的基本概念和分类、探测机理,并从干涉测量的角度出发,重点分析了干涉量子雷达的几种不同测量方法的性能.对比分析相位估计误差和目标距离估计误差,给出了测量方法所达到的量子极限以及系统所达到的超级灵敏度区域.
Abstract:
In recent years,the stealth technology is becoming more and more common which promotes the development of the anti-stealth technology and puts forward higher requirements on the performance of radar system.Also,spatial small target detection and planetary defense need high performance of remote sensors.Therefore it has become a hot research topic to improve the remote sensor system and improve the sensor sensitivity by using quantumtechnology with the development of quantum information and quantum computers.In addition,quantum operation technology also helps to design and implement quantum sensor hardware.All above have prompted the birth of quantum radar which can detect,identify and distinguish the RF stealth platforms and weapons systems.Preliminary study results show thatquantum radar depending on a small amount of photons entangled superposition has a quadratic increase of resolution when compared to that without entangled photons.For the same target,quantum radar has farther detection distance than the traditional radar and application of quantum radar cross section side lobe provides a new detection method for RF stealth target.This paper introduces the basic concept and classification of quantum radar,detection mechanism,and analyzes the performance of several different measurement methods based on the perspective of interferometry for interferencequantum radar.Phase estimation error and target distance estimation error points out the quantum limit of measuring methods and system super sensitivity area.

参考文献/References:

[1] 杨建宇.雷达技术发展规律和宏观趋势分析.雷达学报,2012,1(1):19-27.(Yang J Y.Development laws and macro trends analysis of radar technology.Journal of Radars,2012,1(1):19-27.)
[2]? Nielsen M A,Chuang I L.Quantum computation and quantum information.Landon:Cambridge University Press,2000,202-340.
[3]? Lanzagorta M.Quantum Radar San Rafael CA.USA:Morgan & Claypool,2011,56-76.
[4]? 肖怀铁,刘 康,范红旗.量子雷达及其目标探测性能综述.国防科技大学学报,2014,36(6):140-145.(Xiao H T,Liu K,Fan H X.Overview of quantum radar and target detection performance.Journal of National University of Defense Technology,2014,36(6):140-145.)
[5]? 葛家龙.量子成像和量子雷达在遥感探测中的发展评述.中国电子科学研究院学报,2014,9(1):1-9.(Ge J L.Review of the development of quantum imaging and quantum radar in remote sensing.Journal of China Academy of Electronics and Information Technology,2014,9(1):1-9.)
[6]? Minozzi M,Bonora S,Sergienko A V,et al.Optimization of two-photon wave function in parametric down conversion by adaptive optics control of the pump radiation.Optics Letters,2013,38(4):489-491.
[7]? Benjamin J M,Nicholas TP,Justin B S,et al.Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device.Nature Communications,2013,4(1356):1-7.
[8]? Emary C,Trauzettel B,Beenakker C W J.Entangled microwave photons from quantum dots.Physical Review Letters,2005,95(127401):1-4.
[9]? 吴青林,刘 云,陈 魏等.单光子探测技术.物理学进展,2010,30(3):296-306.(Wu Q L,Liu Y,Chen W,et al.Single photon detection.Progress in Physics,2010,30(3):296-306.)
[10]? Lloyd S.Enhanced sensitivity of photodetection via quantum illumination.Science,2008,321(5895):1463-1465.
[11]? Oppenheim J,Wehner S.The uncertainty principle determines the nonlocality of quantum mechanics.Science,2010,330(6007):1072-1074.
[12]? Giovannetti V,Lloyd S,Maccone L.Quantum-enhanced measurements:beating the standard quantum limit.Science,2004,306(5700):1330-1336.
[13]? Giovannetti V,Lloyd S,Maccone L.Advance in quantum metrology.Nature Photonics,2011,5(4):222-229.
[14]? Gilbert G,Hamrick M,Weinstein Y S.Practical quantum interferometry using photonic NOON states.In:Eric J D,Andrew R P,Howard E B.Proceedings of SPIE.Orlando:The International Society for Optical Engineering,2007,9.
[15]? Smith J F.Quantum entangled radar theory and a correction method for the effects of the atmosphere on entanglement.In:Eric J D,Andrew R P,Howard E B.Proceedings of SPIE.Orlando:The International Society for Optical Engineering,2009,457.
[16]? Didomenico L D,Lee H,Dowling J P.Quantum interferometric sensors.In:Manijeh R,Gail J B.Proceedings of SPIE.San Jose:Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices,2004:169-176.
[17]? Gilbert G,Weinstein Y S.Aspects of practical remote quantum sensing.Journal of Modern Optics,2008,55(19-20):3283-3291.

相似文献/References:

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:毫米波国家重点实验室开放课题(K201514)
收稿日期:2016-03-09
*通讯联系人,E-mail:ychbai@nju.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-09-25